The Kashka-Darya Region is in the South of Uzbekistan. The Karshi Steppes covers larger part of its territory which is bordered from the East by the foothills of the Zarafshan and Guissar Ranges. The Kashka-Darya River with its numerous mountainous tributaries irrigates this drought-prone region. The city of Karshi is the centre of the Region. It was founded in the early 14th c. on the ancient caravan route from Samarkand and Bukhara to Afghanistan and India. It is known for its carpet making. The ancient city of Shakhrisabz (which means Green City) is indeed buried in verdure of orchards and vineyards. Architectural landmarks of Shakhrisabz are at least 500 years old with the famous Ak-Saray Palace and Jakhongir Mausoleum built in the late 14th-early 15th centuries among them. The most important archeological monuments of Kashka-Darya are the Shamsiddin Kilab Mazar, Kok-Gumbaz Grand Mosque, the Gumbazi Saidan Mausoleum, which date back to the times of the Timur Dynasty. Local bazaar complex and city thermal both build in the 15th century are also among the historical landmarks. Shakhrisabz is a traditional centre of folk arts, especially embroidery, with many art pieces highly commended during international exhibitions in Canada, Turkey and Japan. The Kizil-Su Nature Preserve, established in 1975, is located on the southwestern slopes of the Hisar Range. Juniper thickets on the mountain slopes provide refuge for such rare species as Turkistan lynx, brown bear, snow leopard, guinea fowl, golden eagle, snow griffon and many others. Here one could see one of the largest karsts caves in the Central Asia-the Tamerlan Cave, 80 metres (240 ft) deep. The Kashka-Darya Region features many sites, considered by devoted Muslims as Holy places. Among the most famous of them-the tomb of Khoja Ubaidullah Jarrakh, one of the Prophet Mohammad disciples, the crypt of Abdurahman-Ata, the tomb of Saint Ghulam Nakshbandi and the Sultan Mirhaidar Mausoleum. Kasan, the third largest city in the Region, is on the right bank of the Kashkadarya River. It is known for its porcelain produced on local factory.

Historical and architectural monuments of Shakhrisabz

• Ak-Saray Palace (1380-1404)
• Dorus-Saodat ensemble (XIV th c.)
• Khazrati Imam mosque (XIV th c.)
• Mausoleum of Jahongir (XIV th c.)

Dor-ut-Tilovat architectural complex
• Kok-Gumbaz Mosque (1435)
• Gumbazi Saidon (XV th-XVII th c.)
• Shamseddin Kulyal`s Mausoleum and Necropolis (XV th c.)

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